Walt Whitman (1819-1892)
A selective list of online literary criticism for the nineteenth-century American poet Walt Whitman, with links to reliable biographical and introductory material and signed, peer-reviewed, and scholarly literary criticism
Introduction & Biography
"Walt Whitman." Modern American Poetry. Ed. Cary Nation. Walt Whitman biography, by Ed Folsom and Kenneth M. Price (short version). Excerpts of commentary by influential critics of Whitman. On "One's Self I Sing," "I Hear America Singing," "As Adam Early in the Morning," "I Hear It Was Charged Against Me," "A Glimpse," "For You O Democracy," "Vigil Strange I Kept on the Field One Night," "Out of the Cradle Endlessly Rocking," the 1860 version of "Out of the Cradle Endlessly Rocking," the preface to the 1855 edition of Leaves of Grass, "Song of Myself."
"Walt Whitman." Poetry Foundation. Encyclopedia-type introduction to Whitman, his biography, themes, and techniques, with samples of his poems.
"Walt Whitman." Some interesting facts about Walt Whitman, from a lighter perspective, from Jstor Daily.
Meats, Stephen "Walt Whitman." Literary Encyclopedia. 30 Sept., 2004. Eds. Robert Clark, Emory Elliott, Janet Todd. An introduction to Whitman, from a well-edited online database that provides signed literary criticism by experts in their field, and is available to individuals for a reasonably-priced subscription [subscription service].
Roberts, Kim. "Whitman in Washington (1863-1873)." Beltway: a Poetry Quarterly.
From "The Classroom Electric"
Belasco, Susan and Kenneth Price. "Spiders, the Web, and Dickinson & Whitman." The Classroom Electric, 2001.
Belasco, Susan and Kenneth Price. "Foreground and Apprentices: Dickinson and Whitman." The Classroom Electric, 2001.
Folsom, Ed, and Kenneth M. Price. Extended, detailed biography of Walt Whitman, The Walt Whitman Archive.
Folsom, Ed, and Kenneth M. Price. Whitman's Manuscript Drafts of "Song Of Myself" Leaves of Grass, 1855. The Classroom Electric, 2001.
Folsom, Ed, and Kenneth M. Price. "Walt Whitman, Emily Dickinson, and the Civil War." The Classroom Electric, 2001.
Folsom, Ed, and Kenneth M. Price. "Walt Whitman's 'The Sleepers.'" The Classroom Electric, 2001.
Grossman, Jay and Geoffrey Saunders Schramm. "Brothers in Arms: Masculinity in Whitman's Civil War." The Classroom Electric, 2001.
Lawrence, D.H. "Whitman." A free-form chapter on Walt Whitman, from novelist D.H. Lawrence's Studies in Classic American Literature (1923).
Price, Ken. "Walt Whitman and Slavery" The Classroom Electric, 2001.
Price, Ken. "Sex, Politics, and 'Live Oak, with Moss.'" The Classroom Electric, 2001.
Price, Ken; Martin G. Murray; and Robert K. Nelson. "Whitman's Memory." The Classroom Electric, 2001.
Carlisle, E.F. "Walt Whitman: The Drama of Identity." Criticism 10, 4 (Fall 1968), pp. 259-276 [free at jstor].
Davidson, Edward H. "The Presence of Walt Whitman." The Journal of Aesthetic Education (17, 4 (Winter, 1983), pp. 41-63 [free at jstor].
Kateb, George. "Walt Whitman and the Culture of Democracy." Political Theory 18, No. 4 (Nov., 1990), pp. 545-571 [free at jstor].
Price, Ken. "Walt Whitman, Free Love, and 'The Social Revolutionist.'" American Periodicals 1, 1 (Fall 1991), pp. 70-82 [free at jstor].
Sarracino, Carmine. "Redrawing Whitman's Circle." On Whitman's devotees and disciples. Walt Whitman Quarterly Review (1997).
Sarracino, Carmine. "Dyspeptic Amours, Petty Adhesiveness, and Whitman's Ideal of Personal Relations." Walt Whitman Quarterly Review (1990) [slow download].
Sarracino, Carmine. "Figures of Transcendence in Whitman's Poetry." Walt Whitman Quarterly Review (1987) [slow download].
Smith, Ernest. "'Restless Explorations': Whitman's Evolving Spiritual Vision in Leaves of Grass." Papers on Language and Literature (2007) [Questia subscription service].
"O Captain, My Captain." Whitman manuscript, Library of Congress.
"Walt Whitman." The Library of Congress exhibit from the Thomas Biggs Harned Walt Whitman Collection.
The Walt Whitman Archive. Eds. Ed Folsom and Kenneth M. Price. A project that "sets out to make Whitman's vast work, for the first time, easily and conveniently accessible to scholars, students, and general readers." Editions, manuscript transcriptions and images, letters.
"Walt Whitman and the Development of Leaves of Grass." Ed. Anthony Szczesiul, Department of Rare Books and Special Collections, U of South Carolina. Brief history of Whitman's editions, illustrated by photos of the books.
The Classroom Electric. U of Virginia. Extensive web site projects created by scholars and Ph.D. candidates, covering topics on Walt Whitman and Emily Dickinson.
The Walt Whitman Quarterly Review. U of Iowa. Provides titles and abstracts for the most recent edition of the publication.
"Walt Whitman." Texas A&M Universtiy. Inventory of the Roger Asselineau Walt Whitman Collection.
1998-2018 by Jan Pridmore