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Public domain photograph of Hemingway
in American Red Cross Ambulance, Italy 1918

Ernest Hemingway (1899-1961)

A selective list of online literary criticism and analysis for the twentieth-century novelist and short-story writer Ernest Hemingway, favoring signed articles by recognized scholars and articles published in peer-reviewed sources

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introduction & biography

"Ernest Hemingway." An introduction, biography, and brief critical overview for Ernest Hemingway, from educational publisher Pearson Literature.

"Ernest Hemingway." A short introduction to Hemingway and his writing from the American Masters series on PBS. Also "The American Novel: 1890s-1920s Naturalism." An overview of naturalism in the American novel, and some of the novelists who can be considered naturalistic.

"Ernest Hemingway." An early review of Hemingway. The author notes that as a young journalist Hemingway's first sketches, about fishing, bullfighting, and war, immediately marked him as a master. The English Journal 21, 8 (Oct. 1932) pp 609-17 [free at jstor, click "Preview" or "Read Online"].

The Kansas City Star, for which Hemingway was a newspaper reporter in 1917-1918, has published an extensive collection of articles on Hemingway on its web page "Hemingway at 100."

"Hemingway at 100." An interview with American writers Richard Ford, Nicholas Delbanco and A.J. Verdelle. Richard Ford remarks about Hemingway's spare style, "Hemingway often, because he was casual in talking about despair, because he was casual in letting his characters not say what they thought often, he didn't express for me enough. He was in many ways stingy with language and didn't express what I thought was literature's moral density and complexity accurately enough, or in a way, morally enough." Online NewsHour, PBS, 21 July 1999.

A Farewell to Arms. Selected for "The Big Read," Erika Koss, editor. Contents: Readers Guide contains Introduction, Historical Context, About the Author, Other Works/Adaptations, Discussion Questions, Bibliography; Teacher's Guide contains Schedule/Lesson Plans, Capstone Project Ideas, Essay Topics; and an audio radio program. National Endowment for the Arts.

"Ernest Hemingway: The Sun Also Rises." C-Span, American Writers series, 2002.

O'Connor, Margaret Anne and John Alberti, eds. "Ernest Hemingway." A Teacher's Guide to Hemingway, prepares students to challenge their assumptions about the author, recommends reading "Hills Like White Elephants" as a preparation to A Farewell to Arms. "The disaster that was World War One was a defining experience for writers of Hemingway's generation, especially those, like Hemingway, who served in the military." From educational publisher Heath.

"Modernist Portraits: Ernest Hemingway." An Annenberg/PBS project.

Fleming, Robert E. "Ernest Hemingway." 10 March 2001. Literary Encyclopedia. Eds. Robert Clark, Emory Elliott, Janet Todd. An introduction to Hemingway, from a database that provides signed literary criticism by experts in their field, and is available to individuals for a reasonably-priced subscription [subscription service].

literary criticism

Bauer, Margaret D. "Forget the legend and read the work: Teaching two stories by Ernest Hemingway." On Hemingway's short stories "Indian Camp" and "Hills Like White Elephants." College Literature 30, 3 (Summer 2003) pp 124-37 [jstor preview or purchase].

Beegel, Susan F. "'A Room on the Garden Side': Hemingway's unpublished liberation of Paris." Studies in Short Fiction 31, 4 (Fall 1994) [questia sub ser, substantial preview].

Beegel, Susan F. "'Howard Pyle's Book of Pirates' and male taciturnity in Hemingway's 'A Day's Wait.'" Studies in Short Fiction 45, 1 (Fall 1993) 79-93 [questia sub ser, substantial preview].

Berman, Ron. "Vaudeville philosophers: 'The Killers.'" Twentieth Century Literature 45, 1 (Spring 1999) pp 79-93 [free at jstor, click "Preview" or "Read Online"].

Bluefarb, Sam. "The Search for the Absolute in Hemingway's 'A Clean, Well-Lighted Place' and 'The Snows of Kilimanjaro.'" The Bulletin of the Rocky Mountain MLA 25, 1 (March 1971) pp 3-9 [free at jstor, click "Preview" or "Read Online"].

Brenner, Gerry. "Are We Going to Hemingway's Feast?" Careful study of Hemingway's drafts and notes for A Moveable Feast (housed in the Hemingway Room at the John F. Kennedy Library) raises significant questions about the way the executor altered the manuscript after Hemingway's death, say Brenner. American Literature 54, 4 (Dec. 1982) pp 528-44 [jstor preview or purchase].

Burwell, Rose Marie. "Hemingway's Garden of Eden: Resistance of Things Past and Protecting the Masculine Text." Texas Studies in Literature and Language 35, 2 (Summer 1993) pp 198-225 [jstor first page only, blurred].

Cotter, Janet M. "The Old Man and the Sea: An 'Open' Literary Experience." The English Journal 51 (Oct. 1962) pp 459-63 [free at jstor, click "Preview" or "Read Online"].

Fleming, Robert E. "The Endings of Hemingway's Garden of Eden." American Literature 61, 2 (May 1989) pp 261-70 [jstor preview or purchase].

Gaillard, Theodore L., Jr. "Hemingway's debt to Cezanne: new perspectives" [and painter Paul Cezanne]. Twentieth Century Literature 45, 1 (Spring 1999) pp 65-78 [free at jstor, click "Preview" or "Read Online"].

Grant, David. "Hemingway's 'Hills Like White Elephants' and the tradition of the American in Europe." Studies in Short Fiction 35, 3 (Summer 1998) [questia sub ser, substantial preview].

Kroeger, F.P. "The Dialogue in 'A Clean, Well-Lighted Place.'" Also William E. Colburn, "Confusion in 'A Clean, Well-Lighted Place.'" The inconsistent dialogue between the two waiters has been a subject of critical debate since it was first pointed out in these articles by Colburn and Kroeger. College English 20, 5 (Feb. 1959) pp 240-241, 241-242 [free at jstor, click "Read Online"].

Lamb, Robert Paul. "Hemingway and the creation of twentieth-century dialogue." Twentieth Century Literature 42, 4 Winter 1996 [questia sub ser, substantial preview].

Lamb, Robert Paul. "Hemingway's critique of anti-Semitism: semiotic confusion in 'God Rest You Merry, Gentlemen.'" Studies in Short Fiction 33, 1 Winter 1996 [questia sub ser, substantial preview].

O'Connor, William Van. "Hemingway's Sad Memoir." A review of A Moveable Feast, Hemingway's posthumous book on Paris in the 1920s, judges it interesting and sad. The Massachusetts Review 5, 4 (Summer 1964) pp 789-91 [free at jstor, click "Preview" or "Read Online"].

Petrarca, Anthony J. "Irony of Situation in Ernest Hemingway's 'Soldier's Home.'" The English Journal 58, 5 (May 1969) pp 664-67 [free at jstor, click "Preview" or "Read Online"].

Scholes, Robert. "Scholes on Hemingway." Transcript of a conversation with Heminway scholar Robert Scholes and others, 27 Nov. 1995. Prof. Scholes' academic web site.

Sipiora, Phillip. Transcript of a discussion on "Narrative Strategies and Effects in Hemingway," with professors J. Phelan and Phillip Sipiora, 29 Nov. 1995. Prof. Sipiora's academic web site.

Spilka, Mark. "Hemingway's Barbershop Quintet: The Garden of Eden Manuscript." NOVEL: A Forum on Fiction 21, 1 (Autumn 1987) pp 29-55 [jstor preview or purchase].

Stewart, Matthew C. "Ernest Hemingway and World War I: Combatting recent psychobiographical reassessments, restoring the war." Papers on Language and Literature (Spring 2000) [questia sub ser, substantial preview].

Tellefsen, Blythe. "Rewriting the self against the National text: Ernest Hemingway's The Garden of Eden." Papers on Language and Literature (Winter 2000) [questia sub ser, substantial preview].

Trout, Steven. "'Where Do We Go From Here?': Ernest Hemingway's 'Soldier's Home' and American Veterans of World War I." The Hemingway Review, 20, 1 (Fall 2000) pp 5-21 [brief summary].

Willis,J. H., Jr. "The Censored Language of War: Richard Aldington's Death of a Hero and Three Other War Novels of 1929" (A Farewell to Arms). Twentieth Century Literature 45, 4 (Winter 1999) pp 467-87 [free at jstor, click "Preview" or "Read Online"].

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